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Sanduk Ruit biography - Early lifestyle, Education, Struggles, Contribution, Award & Honour

Sanduk Ruit biography

Sanduk Ruit is a renowned ophthalmologist born and raised in a remote village in Nepal. Ruit overcame many obstacles to revolutionize the field of cataract surgery and restore vision to millions of people around the world. This article explores Sanduk Ruit's early lifestyle, educational career, journey to an ophthalmologist, obstacles, contribution to the field of ophthalmologist and inspiring life story, her pioneering work in ophthalmology, and the lasting impact he has had on global healthcare. You can also read Sandeep Lamichhane and Albert Einstein's biography

Who is Sunduk Ruit?

Sanduk Ruit is a renowned ophthalmologist who has made significant contributions to the field of eye care.Sanduk Ruit was born in a remote village in Wolang Chung Gola, Taplejung District, Province No 1 Nepal On September 4, 1954. Born in a remote village in Nepal, Ruit overcame numerous obstacles to become a pioneer in cataract surgery and a champion for global health. His innovative techniques and unwavering dedication have transformed the lives of millions of people suffering from cataract blindness. He has helped to restore the sight of over 1,80,000 people across Africa and Asia using small incision cataract surgery. In February 2023, Dr. Sunduk Ruit was awarded the prestigious ISA award for service to humanity amid a program held at the ISA Cultural Centre in Manama, Bahrain. The King of Bahrain, His Majesty Hamad bin Isa Al Khalifa handed Dr. Ruit $1 million during the royal ceremony. Ruit earn many other international and national awards and love from different countries and he is renowned as the "God of Sight".

Early Life & Education

Ruit is a Nepali ophthalmologist doctor renowned all over the world. Ruit face very difficulty in childhood. He was born in the remote village of Wolang Chung Gola in the Paplejung District of Nepal. Wolang Chung Gola is the most remote village of Taplejung with no electricity, school, health facilities, or modern means of communication, and lies blanketed under snow for six to nine months a year. It also major trade ways to China through Taplejung to Tibet China. He was born into a poor family in a remote area of Nepal. Growing up in a challenging environment with limited access to education and healthcare, Ruit's early life was marked by hardship. Sanduk Rauit's family depends upon small agriculture, petty trading, and livestock farming. Ruit was the second child of six children of his parent. Ruit faced many hardships during her childhood, Ruit lost his elder brother due to diarrhea at the age of three, his younger sister Chundak due to fever at the age of eight, and his younger sister Yangla due to tuberculosis at the age of 15. 

In several interviews, Ruitt has said that this loss left a strong impression on him and instilled in him the determination to become a doctor and work for the poor who do not have access to healthcare. Ruit went to a nearby school from Darjeeling, a fifteen-day walk from his village. At the age of seven, he went to St. Robert's School in Darjeeling and his father provided financial support for his early medical career. His life was difficult as he was away from his parents and home for about four-five years while studying in Darjeeling. After returning to Nepal, he continued his studies and graduated from Siddhartha Vanasthali Vidyalaya in Kathmandu in 1969.

Sanduk Ruit Family background

Sanduk Ruit is a renowned ophthalmologist born in the remote village of Nepal On September 4, 1954, in Wolang Chung Gola in the Paplejung District of Nepal. He is currently running the 68 th of his age as of 2022. Ruit father name was Sonam Ruit worked as a small-time businessman and trade livestock in Tibet china, and his mother Kesang Ruit. His family worked in small agriculture, petty trading, and livestock farming in remote villages of Nepal to survive lifestyle.  Ruit was the second child of six children of his parent.
In 1987, Ruit married to Nanda Shrestha an ophthalmic nurse. Sanduk Ruit and Nanda Shrestha has one son and two daughters.

Journey to ophthalmologist

After completing graduation from Siddhartha Vanasthali Vidyalaya in Kathmandu, Nepal. Ruit continued his studies and went to India on scholarship from 1972 to 1976 to study Bachelor of Medicine, Bachelor of Surgery at King George Medical College, Lucknow. After completing a Bachelor of Medicine, Bachelor of Surgery from King George's Medical College, Lucknow, India. Sanduk returned to  Nepal and Worked for three years as a General Physician at Bir Hospital, Kathmandu. Later he wanted to specialize in ophthalmology, so he continued his studies at the All India Institute of Medical Sciences, Delhi in 1981 with a scholarship and achieved his Master's Degree. After three years, he returned to Nepal and worked in an eye hospital in Tripureshow for eight years. Australian ophthalmologist Fred Hollows was in Nepal as a consultant selected by WHO. He suggested Ruitt's for further study about cataract surgery in Australia in 1986. After that, Ruit continued his further studies in Australia, the Netherlands, and the United States.


Developing the Low-Cost Intraocular Lens
At that time. A major problem in eye hospitals was high cost, to solve this problem Sanduk Ruitt and Fred Hollows devised a strategy to bring small-incision cataract surgery to developing countries using inexpensive intraocular lenses, which are much less expensive. This innovation reduced the cost of cataract surgery for people in developing countries. This innovation is used in over 60+ countries.

Founding the Tilganga Institute of Ophthalmology
Sanduk Ruit Driven by his passion to help the blind, Sanduk Ruit established the Tilganga Institute of Ophthalmology in 1994, located in Kathmandu, Nepal, the institute has become a leading center for eye care, training, and research. Ruit's vision was to provide high-quality eye care services to the underprivileged irrespective of their ability to pay. The main objective of the Tilganga Institute of Ophthalmology is to provide affordable eye care to patients worldwide. Ruit gives all the credit to his wife for being his pillar of strength during the difficult days of his search for Tilganga. Mainly the institute works with the Himalayan Cataract Project and other organizations to provide free cataract surgery to people in some of the remotest places in the world. Tilganga has performed more than 100,000 operations and trained more than 500 physicians worldwide and produces intraocular lenses costing less than US$5 each.

Sanduk Ruit Documentry 

Sanduk Ruit in Details

Name: Sanduk Ruit
Born: (September 4, 1954) Olangchung Gola, Taplejung District, Nepal
Parents: Sonam Ruit (Father), Kesang Ruit (Mother)
Spouse: Nanda Shrestha
Son: 1
Daughter: 2
Siblings: Six 
Height: 5 feet 5 inches
Weight: 65 kg

Awards and honor

  • Ruit was appointed an Honorary Officer of the Order of Australia, In May 2007.
  • Awarded the Ramon Magsaysay Award for International Understanding, in June 2006.
  • Awarded the Asian of the Year 2007 by the Union Minister of health and family welfare, Dr. Anbumani Ramadoss in New Delhi, On March 5,2007.
  • He was also awarded with Prince Mahidol Award of Thailand.
  • On December 17, 2015, he was conferred with the National Order of Merit of Bhutan [in Gold]
  • On October 27, 2016, he received an Asia Game Changer Award from the Asia Society "for bringing the gifts of sight, and productive life, to those most in need."[41]
  • Awarded the Padma Shri, in 2018.
  • Honoured with Suprasiddha Prabal Janasewashree, in September 2020.
  • Awarded the prestigious ISA award for service to humanity amid a programme held at the ISA Cultural Centre in Manama, Bahrain.The King of Bahrain, His Majesty Hamad bin Isa Al Khalifa handed Dr. Ruit $1 million during the royal ceremony, in february 21, 2023


1. Who is the famous Nepali eye surgeon?
Answer: Dr. Sanduk Ruit is a famous Nepali eye surgeon?

2. How many people has Sanduk Ruit operated on?
Answer: Sanduk Operated more than 100,000 people.

3. What are the awards and honors that Sanduk Ruit has received?
Answer: Sanduk Ruit received numerous awards and including; including the Ramon Magsaysay Award, the Order of Australia, and the Padma Shri See More.

Notice: All information is taken from Wikipedia/Youtube/Books.

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