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Types of Managers - 6 Different types of Managers | Principles of Management

Types of Managers 

Types of Managers:
                      There are different types of managers in an organization. They can be classified into two types; based on level, and On the basis of the nature of jobs.

A. On the basis of Level;
     1. Top Level Managers.
     2. Middle-Level Managers.
     3. Lower Level Managers.

B. On the basis of the nature of jobs;
    1. Generalist Managers.
    2. Functional Managers.
    3. Staff Managers.

A. On the basis of Level:
1. Top Level Managers:  Top Level Managers are the managers, who are involved in top-level functions of an organization. They are at the highest level in the organization hierarchy. The Board of Directors, Chief Executives, President, Executive Directors, Chief Executive officers, and General Managers are involved in top-level management. They are the backbone of the organization and act as the mastermind of the organization. 

They are basically involved in planning, organizing, staffing, directing, and controlling activities. They provide a long-term direction to the organization. They also play a signification role in the mobilization of organizational resources. They are responsible for the overall management and operation of the entire organization.

2. Middle-Level Managers: Middle-level management works as the bridge between top-level and lower-level managers. Production Managers, Marketing Managers, Finance Managers, and Human Resource Managers, are Middle-level Managers. Middle-level managers implement and control plans formulated by the top-level manager. They are responsible for the top management of the functioning of the department. They are the more devoted time to the organization and directing functions. Middle-level managers are responsible for leading and controlling the lower level.

3. Lower Middle Managers: Lower-level managers are also called functional or operational managers. Supervisors, foremen, Section officers, and Superintendents are Lower Level managers. They directly interact with the worker. They are primarily responsible for the quality and quantity of output, and they also communicate the lower level issue to the top level and organization. They work or follow according to plans and policies which were formulated by the top-level managers and middle-level managers. They are also responsible for arranging the necessary resources needed for performing various organizational activities.

B. On the Basis of the Nature of Job: 
1. Generalist Managers:  Generalist managers are managers, who are not responsible for a particular type of job in the organization. As per the situations and requirements, they perform different types of jobs in the organizations. Generalist managers; Chief executive officer, Executive directors, President, and Vice-president, General managers fall under this category.

Generalist managers have a broad range of skills and knowledge across multiple areas of the organization and the ability to manage various tasks and responsibilities and adapt to changing situations. The main characteristics of generalist managers are; strong leadership, the ability of multitasking, strong communication skills, and the ability to understand and analyze complex business issues.

2. Functional Managers: Functional Managers are the managers, who are responsible for the particular function of organizations. They are experts in specific functions and responsible for overseeing and directing specific functions within an organization such as production manager, marketing manager, finance manager, etc. Mainly, functional managers focus on managing the operation of specific departments. Generally, they are middle-level managers.

4. Staff Manager: Staff managers work toward helping functional managers. They are part of the chain of command. They provide support, advice, and expertise to the line managers. So, they have advisory authority. They provide guidelines to both Managers.

Reference: Principles of Management; BBS 1st year, Asmita Publication Book.

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