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Stephen William Hawking's Biography | Early Lifestyle | Education | 5 Facts | Contribution

Stephen William Hawking's Biography

Stephen William Hawking's Biography


Stephen William Hawking was a brilliant theoretical physicist and cosmologist whose groundbreaking work on black holes and the origins of the universe helped to reshape our understanding of the cosmos. Despite a debilitating illness, he continued to make significant contributions to science throughout his life and his work continues to inspire many people around the world. He is widely considered to be one of the most influential scientists of the 20th century. He was a Lucasian Professor of Mathematics at the University of Cambridge, between 1979 to 2009. It was widely viewed as one of the most prestigious academic posts in the world. [irp posts="1586" ]

Stephen William Hawking was born on January 8, 1942, in Oxford, England. He was a child of Frank and Isobel Eileen Hawking.  Hawking's mother was born into a family of doctors in Scotland his mother worked as a secretary for a medical research institute and his father worked in medical research. Hawking had two younger sisters: Philippa and Mary and one adopted brother, Edward Frank David.  In 1950, Hawking's family moved to St. Albans. Because of his father, His father became head of the division of parasitology at the National Institute of Medical Research, and his family was considered highly intelligent.

From an early age, Hawking showed interest in science mainly in astronomy and Mathematics. But, he had struggles with dyslexia disorder (a learning disorder that makes it difficult in reading and write and is also called a reading disability.), which made him difficult to read and write during college time.  He continued his study, and hawking began his studies at University College, Oxford, and secure his first Class BA degree in physics, In 1959. In 1962, he received his Bachelor of Arts degree with first-class honors and went on to pursue a Ph.D. degree in cosmology at Trinity College, Cambridge. He received a Ph.D. degree in Applied Mathematics and theoretical physics, In March 1966.

At the age of 21, Hawking was diagnosed with a rare form of motor neuron disease also known as amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS -a progressive and fatal neurological disease that affects the motor neurons responsible for voluntary muscle movement.) or Lou Gehrig's disease and given only a few years to live. Despite this prognosis, he went on to live for more than 50 years with the disease and made groundbreaking contributions to our understanding of the universe.

Despite his diagnosis, In 1970, Hawking also made significant contributions to the field of cosmology, proposing the "no-boundary" theory of the universe, which suggests that the universe has no beginning or end, and that time is finite but unbounded. This theory helped to resolve some of the major inconsistencies in the prevailing theories of the day and has since been supported by a growing body of observational evidence. [irp posts="624" ]

In 1966, Hawking continued his studies and completed his Ph.D. His thesis, titled "Properties of Expanding Universes," provided a new understanding of the universe's origins and helped lay the groundwork for his future research. In 1967, Hawking joined the Institute of Astronomy at Cambridge as a research fellow and was appointed a professor of gravitational physics, in 1973. Hawking made one of his most significant discoveries known as Hawking radiation, which postulated that black holes emit radiation and eventually evaporate over time, In 1974.

Hawking also worked in general relativity and quantum mechanics, which are currently considered to be the modern physics pillars. Hawking continued his work and publish several books, including “ A Brief History of Time” which become an international bestseller and become a popular figure in the world. [irp posts="12" ]

Hawking’s personal life also so interesting events, he married jane Wilde in 1965, and he had three children. However their married life was not so long, and they divorced in 1991, due to the strain of his illness and the demand of his career took a toll on their marriage. In 1995, Hawking married Elaine Mason, his former nurse, but their relationship was long last, and they divorced in 2006.

Hawking received numerous awards and honors for his contributions to science and education, including Fellow of the Royal Society in 1982, The presidential Medal of Freedom in 2009, The highest civilian honor in the United States, etc not only award he received loved from many people throughout the generation to generation. [irp posts="15" ]

Hawking’s battle with ALS continued to worsen from time to time. In 2000, his whole body part did not respond and paralyzed his whole body, and he communicated using a speech-generating device. Until his death, he continued to work and discover and publish many things which are secret in the universe.

At the age of 76, hawking passed away on March 14, 2018. Hawking’s life, struggles, and work continue to inspire the whole world as well as scientists and non-scientists. His contribution to the field of cosmology and his advocacy for science education make him immortal and have helped make complex scientific concepts accessible to the public. 

Name: Stephen William Hawking 

Born: 8 January 1942 (Oxford, England) 
Died: 14 March 2018 (aged 76) 
Education: University College, Oxford (BA), Trinity Hall, Cambridge (Ph.D.) 
Spouses: Jane Wilde (m. 1965; div. 1995),​ Elaine Mason ​(m. 1995; div. 2007)​Children: 3


  Popular books
  • A Brief History of Time (1988),
  • Black Holes and Baby Universes and Other Essays (1993)
  • The Universe in a Nutshell (2001)
  • On the Shoulders of Giants (2002)
  • God Created the Integers: The Mathematical Breakthroughs That Changed History (2005)
  • The Dreams That Stuff Is Made of: The Most Astounding Papers of Quantum Physics and How They Shook the Scientific World (2011)
  • My Brief History (2013)[199] Hawking's memoir.
  • Brief Answers to the Big Questions (2018)

Films and series

  • A Brief History of Time (1992)
  • Stephen Hawking's Universe (1997)
  • Hawking – BBC television film (2004) starring Benedict Cumberbatch
  • Horizon: The Hawking Paradox (2005)
  • Masters of Science Fiction (2007)
  • Stephen Hawking and the Theory of Everything (2007)
  • Stephen Hawking: Master of the Universe (2008)
  • Into the Universe with Stephen Hawking (2010)
  • Brave New World with Stephen Hawking (2011)
  • Stephen Hawking's Grand Design (2012)
  • The Big Bang Theory (2012, 2014–2015, 2017)
  • Stephen Hawking: A Brief History of Mine (2013)[429]
  • The Theory of Everything – Feature film (2014) starring Eddie Redmayne
  • Genius by Stephen Hawking (2016)

Hawking's Popular Books and Films and Series are extracted from Wikipedia: Stephen William Hawking

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