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Mahakabi Laxmi Prasad Devkota Biography | Education | Lifestyles | Contribution | Awards |

Mahakabi Laxmi Prasad Devkota Biography

Mahakabi Laxmi Prasad Devkota Biography

Laxmi Prasad Devkota was a renowned Nepali poet, playwright, and novelist considered the father of modern Nepali literature and knowns as the Mahakabi in Nepali literature. He was known as a Golden heart poet. Some famous work includes the best-selling Muna Madan, Sulochana, Kunjini, Bhikhari, and Shakuntala. He was born on 27 Kartik 1966 B.S (November 13, 1909, A.D) in Dhobidhara, Kathmandu, Nepal, on the day of the Great Hindu Festival Laxmi Puja.

He was the son of father Teel Madhav Devkota and mother Amar Rajya Lakshmi Devi. Laxmi Prasad Devkota started his basic education under his father's Guardianship. His father Teel Madhav Devkota was a Sanskrit scholar. Devkota's early education began at Durbar High School in Kathmandu, where he studied Nepali, Sanskrit, and English. After completing his matriculation exams from Patna at the age of 17, He went to study at Tri Chandra College, where he did a Bachelor of Arts along with a Bachelor of Laws from Tri-Chandra College and graduated from Patna University as a private examiner. Due to his family’s financial conditions, he left his master’s degree incomplete. After that, he started working in Nepal Bhasaanuwad Parishad. At the same time, he met the famous playwright Balkrishna Sama.

He started working as a lecturer at Tri Chandra College and Padma Kanya College and he was the second writer to begin writing epic poems in Nepali literature. In 1930, he wrote “Muna Madan” a long narrative poem in a Jhyaure bhaka folk tune. “Muna Madan” is considered a classic of Nepali literature. “Muna Madan” is the best-selling book in the history of Nepal literature.“Muna Madan” is the tragic love story of a merchant, Madan, and his wife, Muna, set against the backdrop of the Himalayas. The collection of poems was so popular that it was translated into several languages, including English, French, German, and Russian. Due to its high popularity, many films have been made on the story of "Muna Mada". 

Apart from poetry, Devkota also wrote plays and novels. Devkota wrote “Sakuntala”, the first epic poem in the Nepali language written in three months. "Sakuntala," is an adaptation of the ancient Indian Sanskrit novel written by Kalidasa. Devkota wrote several collections of short lyric poem, which set various traditional and no traditional forms, most of the poetry show the influence of English Romantic poets. His other many epics include "Shakuntal," "Sulochana," "Prithviraj Chauhan." etc, His poem includes "Gaine's Song," "Pagal," "Beggar", etc many more. Devkota translated many epics in different languages, Devkota translated William Shakespeare's plays Hamlet in Nepali languages and he translated his own epic, Shakuntala into English and wrote several poetry, essay, plays, and epics in English. 

Laxmi Prasad Devkota was not only a professional writer but also a social activist and thinker. He wrote on various social issues, such as gender inequality, caste discrimination, and the importance of education. He was also involved in the Nepali independence movement and played an active role in promoting the Nepali language and culture.

In 1959, Devkota received numerous honors and awards for his contributions to Nepali literature, including the Sahitya Academy Award, the highest literary honor in India. In 1930, Devkota suffered from nervous breakdowns, due to the deaths of his parents and his two-month-old daughter. He was admitted to the Mental Asylum of Ranchi, India, for five months, In 1939.

He died on September 14, 1959, at the age of 49 due to cancer disease. His funeral ceremony did at Pashupati Aryaghat, along the banks of the Bagmati river in Pashupatinath Temple, Kathmandu. In the modern era, Devkota is widely regarded as one of the greatest literary figures in Nepali history, and his works continue to inspire and influence Nepali writers and thinkers. He is the second writer to represent epic poems in Nepali literature. [irp posts="44" ]

Name: Laxmi Prasad Devkota
Born: 13 November 1909 in Dhobidhara, Kathmandu, Nepal
Died: 14 September 1959 (aged 49) Pashupati Aryaghat
Nationality: Nepali
Spouse:  Mandevi Chalise
Children: 5 daughters and 4 sons
Parent(s): Tilmadhav Devkota (father), Amar Rajya Lakshmi Devi (mother)
Relatives:  Lok Priya Devi (sister)
Occupation: Poet, Playwright, and Scholar 

  • Shakuntala
  • Sulochana
  • Bana Kusum
  • Maharana Pratap
  • Prithviraj Chauhan
  • Prometheus
Poetry/ Short Novels/ Essays/ Novel
  • Like Strength
  • The Beggar
  • Gaine's Song [Poetry]
  • Butterfly- Children Poetry Collection [Poetry]
  • Golden Morning- Children's Poem [Poetry]
  • Pagal [Poetry]
  • Farmer- Musical Play [Verse Drama]
  • Meeting of Dushyant and Shakuntala [Short Epic]
  • Muna Madan [Short Epic]
  • Duel between Raavan and Jatayu [Short Epic]
  • Kunjini [Short Epic]
  • Luni [Short Epic]
  • Prince Prabhakar [Short Epic]
  • Kidnapping of Sita [Short Epic]
  • Mahendu [Short Epic]
  • Dhumraketu [Short Epic]
  • Laxmi Essay Collection [Essay]
  • Champa [Novel]
  • The sleeping Porter [Poetry]
  • The witch Doctor and other essays [Essay (English)]

List of the Epic, Novel, Short Epic, Essay, and Poetry Extract from Wikipedia

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